Things I Wish I Had Known About Teaching English in France

I frequently receive questions about teaching English in France. I try to answer honestly but recognize that what was true for me may not be true for everyone.

I came to France with wildly unrealistic expectations. Actually, no. I didn’t really have clear expectations. I didn’t know what to expect.

The problem was, it was hard to get accurate information on the reality of teaching in France, and I think that’s because the reality can vary so much. I read that you had to fly over here, knock on doors until someone offered you a teaching job, and then fly back home with your work contract to get your visa. I’m sure this has happened to a handful of people in the history of teaching English in France, but I’m going to go out on a limb and say THIS IS A LIE. In my opinion, the only way this would work is if you used the Franco-American chamber of commerce to sponsor your visa (they have an exchange program for professionals under 35 with a college degree). And you certainly could do that. If you can find a teaching contract that meets the requirements.

My TEFL program set the record straight on visas, but while they gave me an idea of what it was like to teach in France, I still didn’t really know what to expect. Before I launch into my list, let me give you the rundown on what I’ve done here: I’ve been a teacher in France since 2012. I taught for Business Talk France and Les Petits Bilingues in Paris, I worked as a TAPIF language assistant in a lycée in Lyon, and I’m starting my second year as a lectrice at a university in Lyon. I’ve taught pretty much all ages, all levels. I’ve even “taught” babies and stuff. (What? It was less stressful than teaching teens, and I’m handy with a tambourine.)

No, I’m not an expert – a few years of teaching does not an expert make! However, I’ve had a taste of a variety of teaching situations in France, and I sure know a hell of a lot more than before I came over here – thank goodness.

I was as innocent as this delicious juice.
I was as innocent as this delicious juice.

Before moving to France, I wish I had known that…

Teaching contracts aren’t full time, and your hours aren’t fixed

You’re going to laugh at me, but I thought if a language school hired me, I would work 35 hours a week. That’s a full French work week, right?! And I thought, if I work 35 hours a week and get paid 18 euros an hour (which is a common hourly rate), I’ll make 2500 euros a month! Anyone who knew anything about work in France was shaking their head and going, “No girl, just… no.” But I honestly didn’t know how it would work. So here’s the deal.

No one teaches 35 hours a week. No one. (If you do, please tell me your story!) In theory, you could if you worked two teaching jobs. But a full time teaching contract isn’t 35 hours anyway, because you need time to prep and lesson plan (which you will not be paid for, FYI.) The truth of the matter is, that while there are jobs out there that will offer you enough hours to live on, most language schools only offer part time hours as they have them available. For example, I started out working fifteen to twenty hours a week with a language school in September (which is probably the busiest time of the year), but in January, there were fewer students to teach and so I only worked ten hours or less with that language school. I interviewed with quite a few other language schools to see how they worked, and most of them offer students as they become available, a few hours a week at a time, and won’t guarantee a certain number of hours. This means you could go from being able to pay your rent to living on your savings and eating 99¢ pasta. Eek. That’s not what you want.

Bottom line: if you’re paid hourly and your hours are prone to fluctuate, you better hustle. Most teachers have more than one job.

Salaries are lower in France

I did have some co-workers who had full-time contracts. They were paid a monthly salary instead of hourly. (It’s often easier to negotiate this kind of contract with your current employer if they know you, like you, and want to keep you.) Their salary was about 1300 euros per month. To give you another example, Les Petits Bilingues is a language school for kids, and center managers work full time teaching and managing and earn 1800 euros per month. A French teacher in a French school earns about 1800 euros per month. A marketing professional might earn 2000-2500 euros per month, and an assistant or receptionist might earn 1300-1800. Minimum wage is higher compared to the United States (about 9-10 euros/hour) and government benefits are great, but overall, the payscale is lower than what you’ll find in the US. (If you have more examples or a different opinion, please tell me! This is based on my observations and personal experience, and certainly it can vary depending on the job.)

Sometimes, employers lie

Look. Not all language schools are bad. But sometimes, employers promise things that don’t turn out to be true. I’m sure that their intention is not to mislead teachers, usually. But the fact is, if you end up only working half the hours they promised you, you get screwed, whether they meant to lie to you or not. This happened to me with two language schools and it sucked a lot. If it’s not in your contract, there’s no guarantee. Have a back-up plan.

The dress code is on the casual side

When you’re moving to France, what do you pack? I didn’t know what I would have to wear to work, especially because I didn’t have a job yet! There are some situations where you want to look sharp – interviews of course, and when a language school that sends you to the student’s professional office to teach. In general, casual is fine as long as you still look nice. Business casual is okay, but jeans and a sweater are usually acceptable too. I like to dress up a little for classroom teaching because I look younger than I am, but some teachers dress more casually. If you’re working with kids, all bets are off. When in doubt, pack versatile clothes that you can dress up or dress down, but know that you won’t be expected to wear a suit or heels to work. It would actually be pretty weird if you did.

Classroom management is more important than your teaching skills

I’ve been working in the ESL field for over six years, and I love teaching adults and private lessons. You know what I suck at? Classroom management. With business language schools, this isn’t a problem because you teach grown-ups who have chosen to be there and presumably want to learn. With the TAPIF assistantship program and with schools like Les Petits Bilingues, it is a huge issue because you have to manage groups of kids, and they could be anywhere between three years old to eighteen years old. (Note: sometimes, language assistants aren’t responsible for their own classes – they might help the teacher in class or work with just a few students at a time. It completely depends on the school you end up in.)

In fact, although Les Petits Bilingues was impressed that I had a TEFL certificate, they were much more concerned with my experience managing groups of kids, for good reason. There’s no lesson planning involved with that particular company because they have their own materials, so corralling the kids is truly the toughest part of the job (seven year olds are the worst.)

The hardest part is this: you really have to discipline them in French. I don’t find that English is effective for discipline in most cases; they just don’t understand. And it is not easy to discipline kids in your second language.

Truth: I am not a scary person. I am small and smiley and baby-faced. If you are more intimidating than I am, or simply more comfortable and experienced in classroom management, this may not even be an issue. Good for you!

Visas are a big deal

I knew that I needed a visa to work in France. I knew that an employer was unlikely to sponsor me. But I didn’t realize how big a deal these legal things really are. Sometimes you even need legal status to work with a family privately, because they can get tax benefits by hiring you. You can work up to 20 hours a week on a student visa in France, and many people go this route (I did my first year.) No one is really calculating the number of hours you work, and some people say it’s an average of 20/week over a period of time that matters. I think this probably matters most if you are filing taxes, and I’m not sure what would really happen if you exceeded the limit (by working for two employers, for example) although I don’t recommend you break the law.

When employers find out that you’re not European, their first question will be about your legal status. Some of them are wary of student visas. When I had two months left on my visa, many schools wouldn’t even interview me. “Give us a call when you take care of your visa,” they said. Since schools can hire UK citizens with no extra paperwork, it makes it tougher on Americans looking for work. Canadians and Australians can get a working holiday visa in France, but that program doesn’t exist for Americans. Most job postings will say “must have the legal right to work in E.U. or don’t bother applying.”

Luckily, school is cheap here, and if you plan ahead you should be able to enroll as a full time student. Be warned that if you don’t actually go to school and pass your classes, you won’t be able to renew! I wish I had had this guide about enrolling in school in France before I came.

Christie was right… the TAPIF program is the way to go

I taught in this shiny lycée.
I taught in this shiny lycée with the TAPIF program.

Christie was my advisor at the International TEFL Academy in Chicago. Christie is awesome. And she told me that they really advise people who want to study in France to go through the TAPIF language assistant program. But I didn’t want to do that. No, I said, the pay is so low (about 800 euros per month net.) No, you don’t have any control over where you’re placed. No, I would have to wait until the following year to apply and I want to go to France now. (What a brat.)

Let me tell you, if you’re not studying in France, if there’s no exchange program with your home university, if you don’t have a European passport, I really believe that the TAPIF program is the way to go. I’ve done it both ways, and it was much easier being an assistant than it was doing it on my own. It can be a bit luck of the draw in terms of where you end up, and not everyone has a good experience. But at least you know you have 800 euros coming in every month, you have plenty of time to work another job on the side (assistants work 12 hours per week), and the visa process is easy-peasy. Sometimes schools even offer housing for cheap. Dana and Jill are former assistants who have written a ton of helpful posts about this program.

The most important part of your job is to get your students to use the language

Yes, grammar is important and you should know your stuff. Yes, private students may have individual needs that differ from each other, yes, it can be hard to incorporate oral activities in a large class. BUT. In general, the French school system drills verb tenses into their students’ brains, but many people are not confident speaking. In the vast majority of everyone I have taught in France, the written level is much higher than the oral level. This is normal when you learn in the classroom, and it was certainly the case with my French before I moved here.

When I tested grammar levels, my students knew all the irregular past participles and found written exercises too easy, but struggled with oral communication. Just getting them to use the language is huge, and if you’ve studied a foreign language yourself, you know how essential this is to making progress.

If they are prepping for a test like the TOEFL or TOEIC, it’s a different story, and of course you want to know your stuff so you can offer helpful grammatical explanations and help your students expand their capacities for expression in written and oral English. Many schools have their own curriculum they want you to use, which takes lesson planning off the table. (Less work for you, but also less freedom.)

But in general, I find over and over again that practice listening and speaking is what students need most, and where they have the least confidence. More likely than not, they know more than they think they do, and just never have the opportunity to put what they know into practice.

Note: If you’re a language assistant, this is the whole point of your job. Your students already have English teachers for learning grammar and taking tests – you want them to have fun using the language so that they like speaking English and want to continue to progress!

Teaching English in France isn't always a bowl of cherries
Teaching English in France isn’t always a bowl of cherries

Some disclaimers and caveats:

This is my perspective, based on my personal experiences. Not everyone shares my perspective, so please take it all with a grain of salt (feel free to add tequila and lime if my ranting has left you depressed.) I wanted to write it because I had a hard time finding honest personal accounts of what it was like to teach in French language schools in particular before I moved. There are many bloggers writing about the TAPIF program, which is great!

If you disagree with me, I’d love to hear your story! If you’ve experienced something similar, well, I also love it when people agree with me.

Have you taught English abroad? What was your experience like?

36 thoughts on “Things I Wish I Had Known About Teaching English in France

  1. Thank you so much for the shoutout!!! All of your advise is true- it’s not full time, salaries are lower. It’s definitely a different lifestyle to get used to! Bisous!

  2. Great article! I`m currently going the school route–getting my master`s in Franch in English as a foreign Language and hoping to find a job on the side. Either way you go, it`s not the easiest process, but I`m so happy to be here and it sounds like you are too! I hope you get whatever you`re hoping for in France! Bon courage 🙂

  3. While doing TAPIF, did you do anything for extra income ? I’m heading over next month and am trying to figure out my options. Thanks and great post !!

    1. Last year, I had planned on getting a second teaching job, but I ended up working from home for an American company actually. Your options will totally depend on your city, your schedule, and your background. In most places, you can find work tutoring English privately and in childcare. You might also be able to teach for a language school, or get an English language baby-sitting gig through a company like Baby-speaking. Keep in mind if you want to be able to travel during school vacations, if you’re willing to work nights/weekends, etc. Sometimes working with kids will give you that vacation time – Les Petits Bilingues runs on the same schedule as the schools do, for example, and you have the option not to work during those vacations (on the other hand, sometimes you can’t work during the vacations even if you want to). Look online for opportunities, post your own ad if you want to offer private lessons or babysitting, and be sure to network – people often pass on available opportunities in the local language assistant Facebook group, for example. Dana has written more about this here: Good luck!

  4. Hi C-Rose

    My name is Jonathan. I just finished my required work for an MBA at a Paris Business school. I am thinking about maybe teaching English part time for a while. I have a studio in Paris. I have work experience in Business. I don’t have a teaching certificate. Do you think Business Talk France might be interested in my Profile? How much do they pay? Any advice you could offer me about finding a part time job teaching english in Paris would be helpful.

    Thank you!

    1. Hi Jonathan,

      If you are a native English speaker with an MBA it is likely that you will be able to find some sort of teaching work in Paris. Some schools will want you to have teaching experience but native speakers with strong business experience are often in demand. If you’re not European, you’ll have to take into consideration what kind of work your visa allows you to do. I haven’t been in touch with Business Talk France for several years, but if you want to work part-time for language schools, it would be a good idea to get in touch with as many schools as you can to see if they’re hiring. A lot of schools seem to hire in September/early October. Teaching for private language schools like this usually pays about 18 euros/hour brut (not including prep time) but it can vary.

      In addition to sending your CV out to schools, you might want to see if there’s an English teachers group for Paris on Facebook, and check expat publications like FUSAC for job ads.

      If you find that you need a TEFL certificate, it’s possible to complete a course online. I wrote about how to get $50 off your TEFL course here:

      Good luck!

  5. Hi, your blog is very helpful to me right now as I have just moved to Paris and looking for work. I have a job offer at Les Petits Bilingues , just wanted to ask about your experience with them if you don’t mind sharing. Also, do you get paid during school hols or not, they have assured me I will but not so sure now after reading your blog!
    Thanks !

    1. Hi Ruth, I’m glad to hear my blog has been helpful to you! I worked for Les Petits Bilingues for a short time over three years ago, so it’s possible that a lot of things have changed. When I was there, the only way to get paid during school holidays for hourly positions was to do the week-long workshops held during that time. They didn’t guarantee availability but I did end up doing one. However I don’t believe that Les Petits Bilingues is a dishonest company so if they assured you that you would be paid during this time and explained how that would work, I don’t see why that wouldn’t be the case. They seemed to do things pretty by the book, and September is a good time to start. They will have you sign a proper contract and everything. If your agreement with them is clear and you are good at managing groups of children, it should be fine 🙂 It’s been so long since I was there that your experience could be completely different from mine. Send an update to let us know how it goes! Good luck!

  6. Really great article! I teach English to professionals in Paris, and I completely agree with your description of how many hours you need to work (never 35) and the need to work for multiple companies. Also your description of issues with getting a visa. That’s a beast!

    1. Thank you!! I would love to know more about your experience teaching in Paris. I get a lot of emails about teaching with language schools or teaching private lessons, but it’s been several years since I was actually interviewing with language companies in Paris, so I’m a little out of date.

  7. Thanks for the great post! Going to Saint-Malo Sept 2017 wondering if there are other options for teaching jobs besides Tapif as I am too late to apply.

    1. Hi Claire, you can always apply to private language schools and take on private students. (I’m assuming you will have a visa that allows you to work.) You can also get in touch with the local Académie to see if they have any last-minute assistant spots to fill – sometimes they have people drop out at the last minute and it’s too late to pull someone from the waiting list, so they take someone local. Enjoy Saint-Malo! I’ve never been to that part of France but it looks just gorgeous.

  8. hi. thanks for the blog. it is very informative.
    i live in south africa and have my TEFL/TESOL certificate, but i do not have experience.
    i would like to move to france as i have relatives there…
    i dont know where to start and how to start looking for a job there. right now anything will do, as i have experience in hospitality. english is my first language. i am finding it hard job searching alone

    1. Hi Pooja! I know first hand how hard it is to look for a job in France, especially when you haven’t moved there yet. The first part to tackle is your visa, as many jobs won’t even interview you if you don’t have the right to work. I’m not sure what the laws are for South Africa, so check with your local French consulate if you haven’t already. If you are eligible for the teaching assistant program, it’s a great way to start. Once you have the right to work, network with people you know and groups online! Maybe your relatives can connect you with people they know. It’s not easy, but there are ways to do it. Good luck!

  9. Hello,
    Great article! I have a few questions regarding work visas. I was under the impression that you would need a job in order to apply for a work visa? Would I be able to acquire one if I have a part-time private tutoring gig and am not a student (I have a degree). I have an apartment and enough money to cover costs so the job would be extra spending cash. The family wants to hire me for a year to tutor their daughter 3 hours, 4 days a week. (Also, I’m from the states)

    1. Hi Natalia,
      You won’t be able to get a work visa with a part-time tutoring gig. You might look into an au pair visa – I have met people who worked for families in a similar capacity who went that route. I have shared a lot of resources about visas here: In general, I recommend you check with your local French consulate to see the requirements for different types of visas. Good luck!

  10. Hi Catherine!

    I’m currently enrolled in ITA’s online TEFL course and will start TAPIF in a few months. I’ll be in Paris, so I’ve been super stressed about the low salary and whether I’ll be able to find a second part-time job. Reading your post was so reassuring. Thank you!

    1. Hi Gabriela,

      Thank you, I’m glad to hear that! I know how stressful it can be before you go, but I’m sure you’ll be able to work everything out with planning and determination 🙂 I miss living in Paris! I hope you have any amazing time there!

  11. Hi! I actually just got offered a job teaching at a Montessori school in France … I did TAPIF two years ago but that was in a middle and high school. This is going to be with 3 year olds to 11 year olds… could I possibly ask you for help finding resources for materials to use and lesson ideas?
    Very happy to have found your blog.

    1. Hi Karin! Congratulations on your new job! I have very little experience planning lessons for younger students (I had to follow a specific pre-designed curriculum when I taught those ages) but I was able to find a lot of resources online when I prepared workshops for kids – even if the lessons aren’t originally designed for ESL, a lot of times they can be adapted.

      Anne Donnelly has a lot more experience with this than I do, so I recommend checking out her posts if you haven’t already:

      I’ve also gotten a lot of ideas from They’re geared more towards secondary students, but you might be able to find some useful resources:

      I hope that helps! Please let us know if you find any lesson planning resources you love!

  12. Great post there! Thanks for the tips.I am planning to move to Paris by Septembe/October and I’ve had interviews with Les Petits Bilingues and other academies. My main issue is the housing.They told me in Les Petits that in Boulogne they have a sort of convention with the city council that provides teachers 1 room apartment. I was not accepted because the HR Team in Les Petits said that the city council approved and admitted recent graduates against teachers with experience (I remember your tip “Classroom management is more important than your teaching skills”). I’ve worked with academies and private schools here in Spain both primary and secondary as language assistant for more than 2 years now and the same thing they lack is practice speaking… Can you go directly to schools to apply as language assistant or is it always through the academies? Because I am also thinking of teaching Spanish aside from English in schools or private classes for children and adults to have more hours. I have both Spanish and Filipino citizenships so visa is not an issue for me .Ah I’ve got also an idea about creating a business that might interest you or anyone here reading this comment. Thanks again!Great post there! Thanks for the tips.I am planning to move to Paris by Septembe/October and I’ve had interviews with Les Petits Bilingues and other academies. My main issue is the housing.They told me in Les Petits that in Boulogne they have a sort of convention with the city council that provides teachers 1 room apartment. I was not accepted because the HR Team in Les Petits said that the city council approved and admitted recent graduates against teachers with experience (I remember your tip “Classroom management is more important than your teaching skills”). I’ve worked with academies and private schools here in Spain both primary and secondary as language assistant for more than 2 years now and the same thing they lack is practice speaking… Can you go directly to schools to apply as language assistant or is it always through the academies? Because I am also thinking of teaching Spanish aside from English in schools or private classes for children and adults to have more hours. I have both Spanish and Filipino citizenships so visa is not an issue for me .Ah I’ve got also an idea about creating a business that might interest you or anyone here reading this comment. Thanks again!

    1. Hi Joe, Usually you must apply to the national language assistant program which will place you in a school. Sometimes schools do recruit assistants in the fall if they have someone drop out at the last minute. However, be aware that a lot of schools do not provide housing (that seems to be a primary concern for you). Good luck with your search!

  13. Hi, I am about to enroll in a TEFL Course in Malta. However they told me to check whether it is going to be recognised in Paris or not. They told me the equivaletes to a level 4. Would you know anything about this?!

    1. Hi Sarah, I’m not sure, but my guess is that it depends on where you are applying for a job; some schools may care, some schools may value other factors (like teaching experience or classroom management). There may be a Facebook group for English teachers in Paris – they would be able to give you more current information. Good luck!

  14. Hello, I am so happy to have found your blog. I’m Polish and I teach English at a language school in my country, soon I want to change my life so I decided to move to Paris. I’d love to teach there, I have a question. Is it possible to teach in Paris in language schools as a non-native? If so, where should I start? Are there any language schools which give a chance to non-native?
    Thanks in advance,

    1. Thank you Magda! It is possible to teach English as a non-native speaker. Some schools will prefer native speakers, but others will value your teaching experience. I don’t have any specific recommendations, but I would join an expat or English teacher Facebook group for Paris and see if anyone has posted information on this question (and if not, ask the question yourself 🙂 ) You can also start looking for job postings and see if they stress being a native speaker or having teaching experience. Good luck!

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